FSMA was signed into law on Jan. 4, 2011, to better protect human and animal health by helping to ensure the safety and security of the food and feed supply. FSMA embraces preventing food safety problems as the foundation of a modern food safety system and recognizes the need for a global approach to food and feed safety. The FDA has proposed six additional rules that are foundational to this preventive approach encompassed by FSMA. In addition to the rule on sanitary transportation, the FDA has proposed:
- Preventive controls requirements for human food
- Preventive controls requirements for animal food
- Standards for produce safety
- Foreign Supplier Verification Program for importers, which requires importers to take steps to help ensure that imported human and animal food is as safe as that which is produced domestically
- Program for the accreditation of third-party auditors, also known as certification bodies, to conduct food safety audits and issue certifications of foreign facilities and the foods they produce for humans and animals
- Focused mitigation strategies to prevent intentional adulteration aimed at causing large-scale public health harm.